Carpet Construction
John Simonson

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Various Carpet Types


  • Smooth, soft cut-pile surface
  • Versatile in performance & in appearance
  • Works well with traditional rooms
  • Used a lot in formal areas


  • Textured surface helps hide footprints
  • Great casual appearance
  • size
  • Extremely popular style
  • Ideal for active families, used in any room


  • Fine, tip sheared surface
  • Elegant style, very formal
  • Not as popular as some of the other styles


  • Textured surface, with knubby appearance
  • Extremely durable, and long wearing
  • Great for active rooms
  • Not as popular as some of the other styles


  • Distinctive carved appearance
  • Cut and loops give a variety of surface levels
  • Multi-colors helps hide stains, and traffic
  • Can really spice up a room
  • Fits a variety of room settings


  • Several different levels of loops
  • Creates a unique looking pattern effect
  • Has a casual appearance
  • Very durable, hides traffic well


  • Loops are all the same height
  • Usually made with Olefin fiber
  • Casual appearance, but extremely durable
  • Great for family rooms, or basements

Special Note About Berbers: Berbers are really big bulky yarns that are either produced in a level loop, or multi-level loop carpet construction. Although many berbers are made out of olefin fiber, they are made with nylon.

Carpet Fibers

Nylon: This is the most popular synthetic carpet fiber used today. It offers tremendous value, performance, and ease of maintenance. Nylon provides brilliant colors and conceals soil and traffic well.

Olefin: Also called polypropylene and is extremely popular in berbers and level loops. Olefin carpets are highly stain, static, mold, and mildew resistant. They can be used for indoor or outdoor carpets, including outdoor turfs.

Polyester: Gives excellent color clarity with a soft feel to the carpet. Lacks the durability of a nylon carpet.

Acrylic: Has a real wool look and appearance. Used mainly in level loops, bath mats, and some velvet styles. Offers good mold and mildew resistance with low static levels.

Wool: Although somewhat expensive wool still offers great bulk, performance, and an elegant look.

We would like to thank John Simonson for the above article. Please visit his website at

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