The Hardness of Hardwoods
Tiger Floors, Inc.

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Hardwood can be ranked by hardness tests, stability (expansion-contraction) and, of course, price. In the chart below, low numbers indicate harder wood, more stability and lower cost.

Species Hardness Rank Stability Rank Cost Multiplier
White Oak 12 5 1X
Red Oak 15 4 1.30X
Maple 10 6 1.50X
Brazilian Cherry 1 9 1.75X
Birch 16 7 1.30X
Douglas Fir 23 12 1.75X
Ash 13 10 1.50X
Beech 14 1 1.50X

Source: NWFA PUB. NO. A200

Want the most floor for your money??  Use clear white OAK.
For higher stability, order quarter sawn lumber. (ADD .25X to cost multiplier)

We would like to thank Tiger Floors, Inc. for the above information. Please visit their website at

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